Volume 2 Issue VII

  • IJTRS-V2-I7-002   :- EFFICIENT MARKETS AND FINANCIAL BUBBLES
    Author: Chabi Gupta, Prof (Dr.) Kshama Agarwal
    Organisation: Department of Economic Administration and Financial Management, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur (India)
    Email: chabigupta@yahoo.com
    DOI Number:
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    Abstract:-

    When it comes to money and investing, the individual portfolio investor is not always as rational as he believes he is – which is why there's a whole field of study that explains an individual’s sometimes irrational and strange behavior. This research paper mainly deals with the insight into the theory and findings of behavioral finance and the financial bubbles in history. The paper will also assist individual investors to avoid these “mental mistakes and errors” by recommending some important investment strategies for those who invest in stocks and mutual funds.



    Keyword:- Investor biases, Behavioural Finance, Stock Market, Cognitive biases, Strategies to avoid biased decisions, Rational investor, Market crash and bubbles

  • IJTRS-V2-I7-005   :- LITERATURE SURVEY ON HAND GESTURE TECHNIQUES FOR SIGN LANGUAGE RECOGNITION
    Author: Ms Kamal Preet Kour, Dr. (Mrs) Lini Mathew
    Organisation: Department of Electrical Engineering, NITTTR, Chandigarh (India)
    Email: preetkamal198200@gmail.com
    DOI Number:
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    Abstract:-

    Hand gesture recognition provides an intelligent, natural, and convenient way of human–computer interaction (HCI). Sign language recognition (SLR) and gesture-based control are two major applications for hand gesture recognition technologies . SLR aims to interpret sign languages automatically by a computer in order to help the deaf communicate with hearing society conveniently. Since sign language is a kind of highly structured and largely symbolic human gesture set, SLR also serves as a good basic for the development of general gesture-based HCI.  In this paper we are discussing work done in the area of hand gesture recognition and analyze the methods for recognition of hand gesture .



    Keyword:- Sign language Recognition (SLR), Hand gesture recognition, Image processing techniques

  • IJTRS-V2-I7-007   :- EFFICIENT DESIGN OF LOW POWER MULTIPLIER USING MHNG REVERSIBLE LOGIC GATE
    Author: Ankush, Sonam
    Organisation: M.Tech, Department of ECE, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab (India), M.C.A Department of Computers, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana (India)
    Email: amongia9@gmail.com, sonam.mongia8@gmail.com
    DOI Number:
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    Abstract:-

    Low power VLSI circuit design is one of the most important issues in present day technology. One of the ways of reducing power is to use the reversible technology. Reversible logic has received great importance in the recent years because of its feature of reduction in power dissipation. It finds applications in low power digital designs, quantum computing, nanotechnology, DNA computing etc. Large number of researches are currently ongoing on sequential and combinational circuits using reversible logic. Multiplier is one of the most important circuits used in combinational logic. In this article, we have proposed an efficient design of 8-bit Multiplier using MHNG and Peres reversible logic gates. In order to show the efficiency, lower bounds of the proposed designs are shown in terms of power consumption and quantum cost needed.



    Keyword:- Reversible Logic Gates, Reversible Multiplier Circuit, Quantum Computing, Power Consumption

  • IJTRS-V2-I7-008   :- A REVIEW ON PHOTO-CURING OF EPOXY RESINS
    Author: M.Fazal-ur-Rehman, Hira Naseer, Muhammad Atif
    Organisation: Chemistry Department, University of Education, Lahore-Vehari Campus (Punjab), Pakistan
    Email: fazalurrehman517@gmail.com, hiranaseer77@gmail.com, Muhammad.atif@ue.edu.pk
    DOI Number:
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    Abstract:-

    Different schemes to photo-cure the epoxy resins (ER) are reviewed in this article. ER and photo initiator (PI) were mixed together and then mixtures were cured through a curing reaction which was proceeded in the presence of infrared or ultraviolet light (UV-Light), or an electron beam.



    Keyword:- Epoxy Resins, Photo initiator, Thermal Curing, Smart Method

  • IJTRS-V2-I7-009  :- SOFTWARE PROCESS IMPROVEMENTS: A STUDY OF CRITICAL FACTORS FOR ENHAUNCING THE SOFTWARE QUALITY
    Author: Ibtisam Rauf, Abdul Majeed
    Organisation: Department of Computer Science and Information Technlogy, Virtual University of Pakistan,Islamabad, Pakistan, Department of Information and Electronics Engineering, Korea Aerospace University, Goyang, South Korea
    Email: ms130400028@vu.edu.pk, abdulmajid09398@kau.kr
    DOI Number:
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    Abstract:-

    This paper presents the comprehensive overview of the state of the art software process improvements(SPI) domain. The core discussion of the paper is based on the overview of SPI history, frameworks of SPI, research methods concerning SPIs. The most commonly used methods for SPI literature are, organizational paradigms and affinity analysis. We used organizational paradigms to find the different critical factors and discussed the effectiveness of each factor. These factors are used to find out the success or failure of software process improvement in any organization. These organization paradigms involve open system view, rational system view, natural system view and complex adaptive system view. After finding the critical factors we try to sub categorized these critical factors using affinity analysis. These factors involve management, organization, project, process, team and users. Furthermore, we explained that how much these critical factors affect the success or failure of SPI. We critically analyze the difference between the factors determined by the researchers by applying the organization paradigms. The detailed analysis of the factors and methods gives contribution to the field of software industry.



    Keyword:- Software process improvement, Organizational Paradigms, Research Methods, factor Affinity Analysis, open systems, natural systems, rational systems, complex adaptive systems

  • IJTRS-V2-I7-010  :- ASSESSMENT OF OPTIMUM FLYASH AND LIME FOR WEAK SUBGRADE IN THE DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE PAVEMENTS
    Author: Surendra Kumar Mittal, Teekam Singh, Malaya Mohanty
    Organisation: Assistant Professor, Rajdhani Engineering College, Jaipur, Rajasthan (India), Research Scholar, IIT Bhubaneswar, Odisha (India)
    Email: surendramittal90@gmail.com
    DOI Number:
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    Abstract:-

    The practice of treating soil with fly ash and lime is an attractive technique when the project requires improvement of the local soil for the construction of stabilized bases under pavements, as a support layer for shallow foundations, to strengthen slopes in slope stability problems, and to prevent sand liquefaction. Most of the time flexible pavement in India needs to be constructed over problematic and poor sub-grade. Such type of sub-grade has low CBR (California Bearing Ratio), which thereby increases the thickness of the pavement. Thus to increase the CBR of such soil we undertake the process of stabilization, thereby reducing the thickness of pavement. The following work was carried out in order to determine the effect of lime, Fly Ash and combination of both on the stabilization of weak soil and thereby effects on Maximum Dry Density (MDD), Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) and CBR of the sub-grade soil.



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